How to Treat Facial Eczema DermTV Epi 479
Eczema is uncomfortable and unsightly. But here’s the good news: if moisturizers and cortisone creams aren’t giving you relief, help may be shockingly simple. Hello, I’m Neal Schultz pause And welcome to DermTV.
The name Eczema just sounds uncomfortableâ€¦ And it is. It’s not exactly an onomatopoeia, but it’s cacaphony tells you it’s not something you want. Eczema’s most immediate impact is discomfort, whether it’s itching or burning or both, and even worse for many people, are the unsightly patches of redness, flaking and even crusting which, when on the face, just don’t cover well with makeup.
Eczema is often persistent, but when it does go away, just to make matters a little worse, it tends to be recurrent and come back for no apparent reason. While eczema can be anywhere on the body, it’s the visual impact of the patches of facial eczema that’s usually the deal breaker. Your first reaction is usually to use a moisturizer because of the flakes, because most people think of flaky skin as being caused by dryness.
But flaky skin is actually the result of many other skin problems such as inflammation or infection, which together or individually, cause the flaking in eczema. And since moisturizers don’t help either of those problems, they don’t help your eczema. Then it’s onto cortisone creams, readily available over the counter, as well as stronger ones by prescription. If the cause of the flaking, redness and discomfort is inflammation,.
Then the antiinflammatory powers of the cortisone cream will provide meaningful relief for your eczema. But so often cortisone creams don’t work because hidden in the redness and flaking and crusting is an invisible and mischievous infection. That infection is usually caused by familiar germs like staph or strep bacteria. But here’s the twist. Through a positive feedback mechanism, the bacteria make the eczema worse,.
So unless you treat the infection with an antibiotic, the eczema won’t get better. So to finally control your eczema, in addition to the cortisone cream, a topical antibiotic ointment applied to the eczema at least four times per day is essential and often works magic. My favorites are Bacitracin and Polysporin ointment, both of which are available without prescriptions. Your take away for treating persistent eczema anywhere on the body.
Should be to use topical antibiotics in addition to cortisone creams and that moisturizers usually aren’t helpful. And now a bonus for the medically curious viewers! The flakes and crusts of the eczema are wonderful nutrients helping the bacteria grow and multiply. The byproducts from bacterial growth are intrinsically irritating, so they make the eczema worse. This then causes more flaking and crusting.
Tuberculosis TB Progression of the Disease Latent and Active Infections
Tuberculosis, or TB, is one of the oldest and most common infectious diseases. About one third of the world population is believed to be infected with TB. Fortunately, only about 5% of these infections progress to active disease. The other 95% of infected people are said to have a dormant or latent infection; they do not develop any symptoms, and do not transmit the disease. Tuberculosis is caused by a rodshaped bacterium, or a bacillus, called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. An infection is initiated following inhalation of mycobacteria present in aerosol droplets discharged into the atmosphere by a person with an active infection. The transmission process is very efficient as these droplets.
Can persist in the atmosphere for several hours and the infectious dose is very low â€“ less than 10 bacilli are needed to start the infection. Once in the lung, the bacteria meet with the body’s firstline defense the alveolar macrophages. The bacteria are ingested by the macrophages but manage to survive inside. Internalization of the bacilli triggers an inflammatory response that brings other defensive cells to the area. Together, these cells form a mass of tissue, called a granuloma, characteristic of the disease. In its early stage, the granuloma has a core of infected macrophages enclosed by other cells of the immune system. As cellular immunity.
Develops, macrophages loaded with bacteria are killed, resulting in the formation of the caseous center of the granuloma. The bacteria become dormant but may remain alive for decades. This enclosed infection is referred to as latent tuberculosis and may persist throughout a person’s life without causing any symptoms. The strength of the body’s immune response determines whether an infection is arrested here or progresses to the next stage. In healthy people, the infection may be stopped permanently at this point. The granulomas subsequently heal, leaving small calcified lesions. On the other hand, if the immune system is compromised by immunosuppressive drugs, HIV infections, malnutrition, aging, or other factors, the.
Bacteria can be reactivated, replicate, escape from the granuloma and spread to other parts of the lungs causing active pulmonary tuberculosis. This reactivation may occur months or even years after the initial infection. In some cases, the bacteria may also spread to other organs of the body via the lymphatic system or the bloodstream. This widespread form of TB disease, called disseminated TB or miliary TB, occurs most commonly in the very young, the very old and those with HIV infections. Tuberculosis is generally treatable with antibiotics. Several antibiotics are usually prescribed for many months due to the slow growth rate of the bacteria. It’s very important that.
The patients complete the course of the treatment to prevent development of drugresistant bacteria and reoccurrence of the disease.